The idea that today’s Internet uses are pushing its original architecture and design philosophy into realms that were neither anticipated nor easily accommodated has been gaining momentum, the overriding concern being that the functioning of the global networked society and economies, is likely to be severely impaired.
There is no doubt a critical role to be played by countries and research funding agencies in this debate. However, the definition and correct positioning of these entities in the debate is closely related to basic underlying principles governmental institutions can agree to frame the developments of future network technologies and architectures. It is indeed clear that Internet architecture is today facing several challenges, many of them being related to scalability issues in view supporting an ever growing number of users, devices, service attributes, applications, contexts, environments, security, vulnerability, networking technologies to name a few. Still, existing architectures are based on a number of features and characteristics that have proved to be very valuable from an economic and policy perspective: